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Introduction to Canada

The most famous wine from Canada is icewine. Frozen grapes are picked early on a winter’s morning, and pressed while still frozen. The grapes are as hard as glass so, when pressed, the frozen water is ejected out of the grape like shards of ice. This leaves highly concentrated juice which is high in sugar, flavours and acids.

Niagara Peninsular is the most important region for icewine. It has a mild climate due to being close to Lake Ontario and Niagara.

Another significant area is Okanagan Valley which has a dry and sunny climate. The most successful grapes are Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Gris, Riesling and Gewurztraminer.